part i writing (30 minutes)
directions: for this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on innovation. your essay should include the importance of innovation and measures to be taken to encourage innovation. you are required to write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.
partⅡ listening comprehension (30 minutes)
directions:in this section, you will hear two long conversations. at the end of each conversation, you will hear four questions. both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. after you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked a),b),c)and d). then mark the corresponding letter on answer sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.
questions 1 to 4 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
1.a) it tries to predict the possible trends of global climate change.
b) it studies the impacts of global climate change on people’s lives.
c) it links the science of climate change to economic and policy issues.
d) it focuses on the efforts countries can make to deal with global warming.
2.a) it will take a long time before a consensus is reached on its impact.
b) it would be more costly to deal with its consequences than to avoid it.
c) it is the most pressing issue confronting all countries.
d) it is bound to cause endless disputes among nations.
3.a) the transition to low-carbon energy systems.
b) the cooperation among world major powers.
c) the signing of a global agreement.
d) the raising of people’s awareness.
4.a) carry out more research on it.
b) plan well in advance.
c) cut down energy consumption.
d) adopt new technology.
questions 5 to 8 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
5.a) when luck plays a role.
b) what determines success.
c) whether practice makes perfect.
d) how important natural talent is.
6.a) it knocks at your door only once in a while.
b) it is something that no one can possibly create.
c) it comes naturally out of one’s self-confidence.
d) it means being good at seizing opportunities.
7.a) luck rarely contributes to a person’s success.
b) one must have natural talent to be successful.
c) one should always be ready to seize opportunities.
d) practice is essential to becoming good at something.
8.a) putting time and effort into fun things is profitable.
b) people who love what they do care little about money.
c) being passionate about work can make one wealthy.
d) people in need of money work hard automatically.
directions: in this section, you will hear two passages. at the end of each passage, you will hear three or four questions. both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. after you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked a), b), c) and d). then mark the corresponding letter on answer sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.
questions 9 to 12 are based on the passage you have just heard.
9.a) the stump of a giant tree.
b) a huge piece of rock.
c) the peak of a mountain.
d) a tall chimney.
10.a) human activity.
b) wind and water.
c) chemical processes.
d) fire and fury.
11.a) it is a historical monument.
b) it was built in ancient times.
c) it is indians’ sacred place for worship.
d) it was created by supernatural powers.
12.a) by sheltering them in a cave.
b) by killing the attacking bears.
c) by lifting them well above the ground.
d) by taking them to the top of a mountain.